The cannabis plant extract has more than 100 cannabinoids, and CBD or cannabidiol is one of them. When talking about CBD the other abundant component THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is bound to come up. THC is the main psychoactive substance in cannabis that makes you high. But both have their own medicinal properties. It is just that THC is not legal everywhere and has more risk of side effects while CBD is not intoxicating and has very few side effects.
Anecdotal evidence shows that CBD has possible analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, and anti-depression properties. It has also shown various health benefits, and thus, it has become a trend for people to buy CBD online. When you visit JUST CBD store online you would see that they offer multitudes of products, and all those products are manufactured in the USA where production, distribution, and sale of industrial hemp is legal.
How Do You Get The Benefits From CBD?
Various animal studies have already shown that CBD may have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and neuroprotective features, but it has also shown considerable results in treating anxiety, depression, and addiction symptoms. FDA has even approved a prescribed anti-seizure medication for pediatric epilepsy which has CBD as an active ingredient.
But to know how CBD can have such an effect on our body, you should understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS) that is present throughout our body. These endocannabinoids are endogenous neurotransmitters that are present in high concentrations in the central nervous system. They are also present in many other organs.
These endocannabinoids are bound by various cannabinoid receptors. Their main function is to help the body to maintain homeostasis. When CBD enters the bloodstream, it is treated the same as endocannabinoids present in the body and therefore, it can influence the receptors. It either boosts certain positive actions of the cell or intercepts them to slow down the degenerative process.
Receptors In Brain
The brain consists of numerous neurons connected by synapses through which neurons send messages via a chemical called neurotransmitter. But the neurons would be able to communicate only if the neurotransmitter finds the right receptor on the other neuron.
A receptor would be able to respond to the neurotransmitter only if they match. A neuron has several neurotransmitter receptors. So, the neurotransmitters specific to only those receptors can send messages.
How Does CBD Influence Brain Receptors?
THC directly interacts with CB1 to activate the psychoactive effect in the brain, whereas CBD does not directly influence the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Rather it intercepts CB1 and reduces the negative effects like anxiety, short term memory loss, and distorted cognition that THC has on it. CBD also can boost the production of endocannabinoids as it obstructs the enzymes that dissolve the component.
Various animal studies have shown that CBD not only has an influence on cannabinoid receptors but other receptors of the brain such as opioid, dopamine, and serotonin receptors. It may have a direct influence on these receptors and may help in reducing pain, anxiety, depression, and withdrawal symptoms.
But all these conjectures are not based on extensive human trials. This field requires more researches.